What are Benefits of Open Access?

Fast and easy access to information:
Through Open Access the readers/learners can gather information to relevant topics very easily and in very short span of time.  Also it gives more better and accurate information to the readers.
More Publicity:
Open Access brings new audiences to scholarly content, helping expand readership.
Open access lower the pressure on library expenses for purchasing books and journals and enables librarians to devote more time to connecting their users with high quality content.
Cheapest mean of spreading and gathering information:
If we have a look into the past, publishing of scientific manuscripts was expensive, but because of open access now one can distribute his/her article widely through Journals and other publications.
Increased readership
For authors, publishing open access rather than behind a paywall can help open up their research to a wider audience. In an era where the number of articles being published is skyrocketing, open access can assist an article to be easier to search online. And ultimately, an increased number of readers can convert into higher number of extraction or quotations for the author.

What is Open Access?

The term “Open Access” refers to online research outputs. It is a system where users have free and direct access to online literature/books or we can say that Open access refers to permitting any users to read, download, distribute, search, copy, print, archive and indexing any articles and to use them for many other purposes legally.
If we go into the background, we will find that internet become more prominent and apparent in 1990.   In later 90’s internet became possible and most popular way for the authors to be connected with their readers who want to read, study and build on it.  This whole process of connectivity of authors and readers through internet is now known as ‘Open Access’.
Nowadays, there are many publishers which provide open access to public/readers through their online libraries and Journal publications.

What is Technology?

All of us know that, “The human process of gathering and applying resources to satisfy our wants and needs to extend our performance capabilities”.   Technology can also be referred to making, modification, usage, and knowledge of tools, techniques, crafts, machines, systems, method of organization, in order to sought out or to solve the problem, improve a presently active and effective solution to a problem, achieve a goal and it also refer to the collection of such tools, machinery, arrangements,  modifications  and procedures.   Technology can be knowledge of techniques, process etc.  It makes life easier or more pleasant and work more productive. Institute of Research Engineers and Doctors would like to spread the technology to each and every part of the world including rural areas so that everyone can take the benefits from the use of the Technology.

Role of Technology in Education:
There are multiple role of technology in the field of education, it is included as a part of the curriculum, as an instructional delivery system, as a means of aiding instructions and also to enhance the entire learning process.  The use of technology can help students understand and retain concepts better.  It serves as teaching aid in the teaching-learning process.  It also gives new information to teachers and learners and makes the lesson easier and faster.  Today in the field of Education, “Technology” has become the most important source of knowledge for every learner and it provides interest as well as curiosity to both learners and teachers.

Role of Technology in Business:
Technology plays a vital role in business to succeed its aim after understanding how to use the technologies properly.  Technology has become very pervasive & is therefore touched every aspect of business as well our personnel lives.  The inherent characteristics of computer have made a tremendous impact on every aspect of work which it has been used.   Nowadays, much of office work productivity depends on the above characteristics where humans to have short comings.  Today the use of technology has been increased in supporting business activities with the development of electronic and business communication technologies (e-business, e-commerce and internet commerce).
Not only the merchants but the consumers are also taking benefits of the technology.  Consumers are becoming more wise and selective when it’s come to purchasing products and services because they are able to derive more information from the internet on the comparative value of other product offered to them.

Role of Technology in Communication:
The need of information and communication technologies in the last decade has opened new avenues in knowledge management that could play important roles in meeting the frequent upcoming challenges related to sharing, exchanging and disseminating knowledge and technologies.  It supports external relation and also supports Mass-customization.

What is Research?

Research comprises “creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field.   The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge.

Forms of research

Scientific research is a systematic way of gathering data and harnessing curiosity. This research provides scientific information and theories for the explanation of the nature and the properties of the world. It makes practical applications possible. Scientific research is funded by public authorities, by charitable organizations and by private groups, including many companies.

Research in the humanities involves different methods such as for example hermeneutics and semiotics. Humanities scholars usually do not search for the ultimate correct answer to a question, but instead explore the issues and details that surround it. Context is always important, and context can be social, historical, political, cultural, or ethnic.

Research refers to a search of knowledge.  Research comprises of defining and redefining problems and obstacles, making deductions and reaching conclusions and it also refers to methodological plan that is adopted by the researcher to answer questions validly and accurately. Through research the researcher can communicate to others on the basis of his research that how to use and implement his ideas come out of the research.
Steps of Research Process:
1. Formulate your question/ agenda/ obstacle/ problem/ hypothesis.
In order to have a conclusion and outcome of any research the researcher must have to set the goals and agenda on which he have to work.  The whole study and research should be designed around this clearly defined goal
2. Clarify the purpose of the research and refine the search topic on which work has to be done
To clarify the nature of the hypothesis and to explain why things are the way they are.  To appreciate wide variety of research strategies and techniques used in the area of study.
3. Review the literature by collecting and the background information and knowledge.
Collect information by going to the historical background of particular topic.  Primary data or information collection may be gathered from experiments or direct observation.
4. Analyze data and information gathered from the background.
Once the data is collected the researcher must analyze and interpret the result.  Analysis will include data summaries and statistical tests to verify conclusions.
5. Formulate conclusion.
Formulate the conclusion by question answering with other researcher and comparing results with other researches.
6. Apply conclusion to the original hypothesis
In order to get the actual outcome/solution, the conclusion should be applied to the original problem or hypothesis.
7. Write a proof and final draft of your research.
For records and future references the research should be drafted in written or printed document.

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