What is Research?

Research comprises “creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications. It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field.   The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge.

Forms of research

Scientific research is a systematic way of gathering data and harnessing curiosity. This research provides scientific information and theories for the explanation of the nature and the properties of the world. It makes practical applications possible. Scientific research is funded by public authorities, by charitable organizations and by private groups, including many companies.

Research in the humanities involves different methods such as for example hermeneutics and semiotics. Humanities scholars usually do not search for the ultimate correct answer to a question, but instead explore the issues and details that surround it. Context is always important, and context can be social, historical, political, cultural, or ethnic.

Research refers to a search of knowledge.  Research comprises of defining and redefining problems and obstacles, making deductions and reaching conclusions and it also refers to methodological plan that is adopted by the researcher to answer questions validly and accurately. Through research the researcher can communicate to others on the basis of his research that how to use and implement his ideas come out of the research.
Steps of Research Process:
1. Formulate your question/ agenda/ obstacle/ problem/ hypothesis.
In order to have a conclusion and outcome of any research the researcher must have to set the goals and agenda on which he have to work.  The whole study and research should be designed around this clearly defined goal
2. Clarify the purpose of the research and refine the search topic on which work has to be done
To clarify the nature of the hypothesis and to explain why things are the way they are.  To appreciate wide variety of research strategies and techniques used in the area of study.
3. Review the literature by collecting and the background information and knowledge.
Collect information by going to the historical background of particular topic.  Primary data or information collection may be gathered from experiments or direct observation.
4. Analyze data and information gathered from the background.
Once the data is collected the researcher must analyze and interpret the result.  Analysis will include data summaries and statistical tests to verify conclusions.
5. Formulate conclusion.
Formulate the conclusion by question answering with other researcher and comparing results with other researches.
6. Apply conclusion to the original hypothesis
In order to get the actual outcome/solution, the conclusion should be applied to the original problem or hypothesis.
7. Write a proof and final draft of your research.
For records and future references the research should be drafted in written or printed document.

The Institute of Research Engineers and Doctors- IRED. theIRED is formed to carry on the business of promoting, forming, developing and organizing associations and networks of Chemical, Petroleum, Physics, Biology, Civil, Mechanical, Medical, Dental, Computer, Electronics, Electrical, Management, Biomedical, Bio informatics, Bio Technology, Aeronautical, Textile, Environmental and all related Doctors, Engineers and Professionals who are in the field of innovation; and to conduct, promote and organize Meetings, Conference, Discussions, Seminars, Workshops, Study tours, Industry visits; and to publish professional Journals, Magazines and Newsletters; and to carry on research and development on the above fields; and to design, develop, market, purchase, sell, import and export any products or materials of any above Medical, Science and Engineering field.

1 thought on “What is Research?”

  1. Technology is undoubted useful but there are usually two courses : One is achieving new useful trends the other is making dangerous steps . The fears of improvement of technology is not excluded . The majoe reason is the Nobel Prigogine developed that certainty in his book of 1996 in French does not exist any more.
    thus uncertainty is developing a complex and difficult course. One solution often opens other different problems.

    I am interdisciplinary and I find very complex any effort of these issues.

    best regards and best wishes to your efforts.

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